When the Bicycle Coalition of Greater Philadelphia and other advocacy groups talk about Vision Zero, the conversation is often about safety. Vision Zero is the policy to eliminate traffic deaths and serious injuries for all road users, and the Better Mobility Working Group’s Better Mobility 2015 platform calls on the city to set a goal of reducing traffic injuries and deaths by 50 percent by 2020.
But when you break down the numbers, Vision Zero policy is more than a moral imperative—it’s also really good for Philadelphia’s economic prospects.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that the economic costs of road crashes in 2010 were $871 billion nationwide. That number was derived from the NHTSA’s street death toll of 32,999 people, 3.9 million injured and 24 million damaged vehicles—totaling $594 billion in societal harm and $277 in economic costs.
And that’s just vehicular deaths and injuries. For bicyclists and pedestrians, crashes accounted for approximately $109 billion, which comes from $19 billion in economic costs and $90 billion in societal harm.
So, nearly $1 trillion per year in costs, nationwide.
Here in Pennsylvania, PennDOT calculates its own estimates, and it found that each road death in Pennsylvania costs about $6.35 million. Each major injury adds up to about $1.39 million in legal, healthcare, clean up and other associated costs. Altogether, the cost of road crashes in Pennsylvania in 2013 was $14 billion. What’s that mean for you? $1,099 in economic loss for every person in the Commonwealth.
But wait there’s more. Based on PennDOT’s estimates, motor vehicle crashes in 2013 that led to the loss of 89 lives in Philadelphia cost $565 million, while the 11,549 injuries in the city limits cost $450 million. Here’s a chart to help you understand this.
We’re not just pushing Vision Zero as part of the Better Mobility 2015 platform for our health (although, clearly, that’s part of it!). Investing in safer infrastructure would reduce fatalities and injuries and avoid a portion of these costs. There is not only a moral imperative, but also a financial incentive to increase the safety of our roadways. With that, make sure you RSVP to our Better Mobility 2015 mayoral forum, where all Philly’s mayoral candidates will be asked where they stand on mobility and traffic issues. See you on March 19.